To assist my undergraduate students I developed several teaching tools. For all of my courses I have a general Guide to History to help them navigate lectures, seminars, and essay writing. In my courses on colonial Latin America I designed a Guide to Primary Sources: Early Modern Spanish World, which is a bibliography of English translations of Spanish and Portuguese texts for research papers. Below you will find a series of document exercises, one-page excerpts from an array of different historical sources. I use these in lectures to reinforce lecture material and to develop critical reading skills of primary sources.


Acosta, José de (Natural and Moral History)

Allen, Richard and Absalom Jones (A Narrative of the Proceedings of the Black People)

Almeida Portugal, Pedro Miguel de (Letter to King Joao V)

Anonymous (The Revolution of Saint Domingue)

Antonil, André Joao (Culture and Opulence of Brazil)

Benavides, Alonso de (Memorial)

Bolívar, Símon (Angostura Address)

Boucher, Pierre (True and Genuine Description of New France)

Bougainville, Louis-Antoine de (Journal of the Seven Years’ War)

Bradford, William (Of Plymouth Plantation)

Caldas, Francisco José (The New Kingdom of Granada Weekly)

Canasatego (Answer to the Governor’s Speech)

Clavijero, Francisco Javier (The History of Mexico)

Clendinnen, Inga (History through the Looking Glass)

Cobo, Bernabé (History of the New World)

Coelho, Duarte (Letter to King John III)

Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la (Letter to Sor Filotea)

Cugoano, Quobna Ottobah (Thoughts and Sentiments)

Díaz del Castillo, Bernal (The Conquest of New Spain)

Eliot, John and Thomas Mayhew (Tears of Repentance)

Gage, Thomas (A New Survey of the West Indies)

Gama, Vasco da (A Journal of the First Voyage)

Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe (The First New Chronicle and Good Government)

Jeune, Paul le (On the Beliefs, Superstitions, and Errors of the Montagnais Indians)

Léry, Jean de (History a Voyage to the Land of Brazil)

Mendieta, Jerónimo de (Ecclesiastical History)

Mercier, Francois le (Of the Mission of Ste. Marie among the Mohawk)

Navarro, Joseph Antonio (The Foundation of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Amapa)

Nóbrega, Manoel (Letter to Luis Goncalves da Camara)

Pinckney, Eliza Lucas (Letter to Mrs. Boddicott)

Polo, Marco (Travels)

Pozuelo, Francisco (Notarial Records)

Reed, Esther Deberdt (Sentiments of an American Woman)

Sánchez, Mariquita (Memories of Life in Viceregal Buenos Aires)

Smith, Venture (A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture)

Torre, Tomás de la (From Salamanca, Spain to Ciudad Real, Chiapas)

Ulloa, Jorge Juan (A Voyage to South America)

Vieira, Joao Fernandes (Instructions on How to Manage a Sugar Mill and Estate)

Virginia Codes

Viscardo de Guzmán, Juan Pablo (Letter to the Spanish Americans)

Whitefield, George (A Letter to the Inhabitants of Maryland, Virginia . . .)

Winthrop, John (A Model of Christian Charity)


Anonymous (Account of the Voyage of the Spanish Schooners Mexicana and Sutil)

Anonymous (The Conquest as Told by Tlatelolcas)

Bergamo, Ilarione da (Journey to Mexico)

Campbell, John (The Spanish Empire in America)

Casas, Bartolomé de las (A Short Acccount of the Destruction of the Indies)

Cieza de León, Pedro de (Chronicle of Peru)

Clavijero, Francisco Javier (The History of Mexico)

Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la (Letter to Sor Filotea)

Dos Santos Vilhena, Luiz (Compendium of Bahian and Brazilian News)

Gage, Thomas (A New Survey of the West Indies)

Laso de la Vega, Luis (The Great Happening)

Montoya, Anontio Ruiz de (The Spiritual Conquest)

Navarro, Joseph Antonio (The Foundation of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Amapa)

Oliveira Mendes, Luiz Antonio de (Academic Speech)

Portocarrero, Pedro de León (Description of Lima)

Sahagún, Bernardino de (Coloquios)

Sartolo, Bernardo de (Admirable Life of Nicolás de Ayllón)

Soares de Sousa, Gabriel (Descriptive Treatise on Brazil)

Vaz de Caminha, Pero (The First Letter from Brazil)

Yupanqui, Titu Cusi (The History of How the Spaniards Arrived in Peru)


Arévalo, Juan José (The Shark and the Sardines)

Arnold, Channing (The American Egypt)

Arriaga, Ponciano (Speech from the 1856-57 Constitutional Convention)

Bautista Alberdi, Juan (Bases and Points of Departure)

Belli, Gioconda (The Country under My Skin)

Bolívar, Simón (The Angostura Address)

Castro, Fidel (History Will Absolve Me)

do Nascimento, Abdias (The Myth of Racial Democracy)

Duarte de Perón, María Eva (In My Own Words)

Kidder, Daniel Parish (Brazil and the Brazilians)

Mexican Constitution of 1917 (Article 27)

Mier, Servando Teresa de (An Americano Writes)

Pedro P. (The Coyote)

Pinochet, Augusto (Patria and Democracy)

Poniatowska, Elena (The Student Movement of 1968)

Reagan, Ronald (Defending Our Vital Interests)

Rocafuerte, Vicente (An Essay Concerning Religious Toleration)

Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino (Facundo)

Sola, Oreste (Letter)

Vargas, Getúlio (Speeches)

Vasconcelos, José (The Cosmic Race)

von Tschudi, Johann Jakob (Travels in Peru)


Al Jabarti, Abd Al-Rahman (Chronicle of the French Occupation)

Anonymous (An Address by a Journeyman Cotton Spinner)

Bacon, Francis (The Great Instauration)

Belzoni, Giovanni (Narrative of the Operations and Recent Discoveries)

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich (On the Varieties of Mankind)

Burke, Edmund (A Philosophical Inquiry)

Cook, James (A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean)

Day, Charles William (Hints on Etiquette)

Edwards, Jonathan (A Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of God)

Feijoo y Montenegro, Benito Jerónimo (Defence of Women)

Frederick the Great (Anti-Machiavel)

French Encyclopedia (Woman)

Encyclopaedia Briticannica (Negro)

Gibbon, Edward (The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire)

Gouges, Olympe (Rights of Woman)

Graham, Catherine Sawbridge Macaulay (Letters on Education)

Kant, Immanuel (What is Enlightenment)

Paine, Thomas (The Rights of Man)

Pauw, Cornelius de (Recherches philosophiques)

Prescott, William (The Conquest of Mexico)

Rousseau, Jean Jacques (The Social Contract)

Rules of a Factory in Berlin

Smiles, Samuel (Self Help)

Society of the Friends of Blacks (Address to the National Assembly)

Weber, Max (The Protestant Work Ethic)

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